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Eating or being eaten

Page history last edited by David Tidy 9 years, 4 months ago Saved with comment


How does one distinguish in Welsh between "eating" and being "eaten"?


In everyday conversation this is the pattern that is used:


The dog is eating the cat - Mae'r ci yn bwyta'r gath
The cat is being eaten by the dog - Mae'r gath yn cael ei bwyta gan y ci

(literally: the cat is getting eaten by the dog)



In formal contexts impersonal short forms of the verb are  used:

Bwyteir y gath gan y ci  The cat is being eaten by the dog 

Bwytawyd y gath gan y ci   The cat was eaten by the dog


These endings -ir and -wyd create versions of the verb which can roughly be translated as:

Bwyteir - there is an eating

Bwytawyd - there was an eating


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